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300 BC – Salt Tax

The first salt tax was levied in ancient China in 300 BC and was used to fund the construction of the Great Wall of China.

1660 - Hearth Tax (Chimney Tax)

A hearth tax, also known as hearth money, chimney tax, or chimney money, was a property tax levied on each hearth or fireplace.

1188 - Saladin Tithe | One of the First Recorded Taxes on Income

One of the first recorded taxes on income was the Saladin tithe introduced by Henry II in 1188 to raise money for the Third Crusade.

Scrutage Tax | Buying out Military Service Obligation

Many knights were not keen on risking life and limb so instead took advantage of the opportunity to buy out their military service obligation.

The Danegeld Land Tax - 810

The Danegeld, or Dane tribute, was a tax raised to pay tribute to the Viking raiders to save a land from being ravaged.

60 AD - Urine Tax

The Roman emperor Nero (37AD – 68AD), requiring extra funds to undertake capital works programmes, enacted a urine tax, known as the vectigal urinae, on the buyers of urine

123 BC – Tax Farming

Tax farming was originally a Roman practice set up by Gaius Gracchus in 123 BC whereby the burden of tax collection was reassigned by the Roman State to private individuals or groups.

First Income Tax - Egypt 3,000 BC

The first income tax is generally attributed to Egypt where the Pharaohs collected taxes from their citizens. 

6,000 BC – Labour Obligation Tax

Under the Bala Tax, Mesopotamia taxed almost everything – livestock, grains, handicrafts, funerals, etc. The most burdensome tax though was the Labor Obligation.

Ur III Dynasty of Mesopotamia | Bala Tax 6000 BC

The Bala Tax, Sumerian for ‘exchange’, is the method by which the Ur III dynasty of Mesopotamia collected taxes from its provinces.

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