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Scrutage Tax | Buying out Military Service Obligation

Many knights were not keen on risking life and limb so instead took advantage of the opportunity to buy out their military service obligation.

The Danegeld Land Tax - 810

The Danegeld, or Dane tribute, was a tax raised to pay tribute to the Viking raiders to save a land from being ravaged.

60 AD - Urine Tax

The Roman emperor Nero (37AD – 68AD), requiring extra funds to undertake capital works programmes, enacted a urine tax, known as the vectigal urinae, on the buyers of urine

123 BC – Tax Farming

Tax farming was originally a Roman practice set up by Gaius Gracchus in 123 BC whereby the burden of tax collection was reassigned by the Roman State to private individuals or groups.

First Income Tax - Egypt 3,000 BC

The first income tax is generally attributed to Egypt where the Pharaohs collected taxes from their citizens. 

6,000 BC – Labour Obligation Tax

Under the Bala Tax, Mesopotamia taxed almost everything – livestock, grains, handicrafts, funerals, etc. The most burdensome tax though was the Labor Obligation.

Ur III Dynasty of Mesopotamia | Bala Tax 6000 BC

The Bala Tax, Sumerian for ‘exchange’, is the method by which the Ur III dynasty of Mesopotamia collected taxes from its provinces.

A Window Tax Was Introduced in 1696

The window tax was a property tax based on the number of windows in a house. It was designed to impose tax relative to the prosperity of the taxpayer.

A Tax on Beards Was Introduced in 1535!

A beard tax is one of several taxes introduced throughout history on men who wear beards. In 1535, King Henry VIII of England (who wore a beard himself), introduced a tax on beards.

Income Tax General Anti Avoidance Rules

The general anti-avoidance rules contained in Part IVA of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (Cth) (‘Part IVA’) may be applied by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) to deny a taxpayer the tax benefit of a scheme 
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