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1709 - Candle Tax

In 1709 the United Kingdom Government introduced the candle tax. A tax was payable by candle makers on each candle they manufactured.

1628 - Ship Money

The Plantagenet Kings of England had the medieval right to require Maritime towns and counties to furnish them with ships in times of war.

300 BC – Salt Tax

The first salt tax was levied in ancient China in 300 BC and was used to fund the construction of the Great Wall of China.

1660 - Hearth Tax (Chimney Tax)

A hearth tax, also known as hearth money, chimney tax, or chimney money, was a property tax levied on each hearth or fireplace.

1188 - Saladin Tithe | One of the First Recorded Taxes on Income

One of the first recorded taxes on income was the Saladin tithe introduced by Henry II in 1188 to raise money for the Third Crusade.

Scrutage Tax | Buying out Military Service Obligation

Many knights were not keen on risking life and limb so instead took advantage of the opportunity to buy out their military service obligation.

The Danegeld Land Tax - 810

The Danegeld, or Dane tribute, was a tax raised to pay tribute to the Viking raiders to save a land from being ravaged.

60 AD - Urine Tax

The Roman emperor Nero (37AD – 68AD), requiring extra funds to undertake capital works programmes, enacted a urine tax, known as the vectigal urinae, on the buyers of urine

123 BC – Tax Farming

Tax farming was originally a Roman practice set up by Gaius Gracchus in 123 BC whereby the burden of tax collection was reassigned by the Roman State to private individuals or groups.

First Income Tax - Egypt 3,000 BC

The first income tax is generally attributed to Egypt where the Pharaohs collected taxes from their citizens. 

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